Patients who need further specialist treatments for their eyes go to an Ophthalmologist. An Ophthalmologist is a medical doctor who specialises in the medical and surgical care of the eyes, visual system and in the prevention of eye diseases and injuries.

They provide the full range of care including routine eye examinations, diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders and diseases, including prescriptions for eyeglasses, medications, surgery, and management of eye problems that are caused by systemic illnesses.

An ophthalmic eye examination might include history (general, family, medications, allergies…etc), examination of the vision acuity (clarity and sharpness), physical examination, and focimetry (assessment of spectacles) depending on the patient case.

In addition, an Ophthalmologist can specialise in specific areas of eye care such as glaucoma, cornea, oculoplastic (abnormalities which mainly affect the function and aesthetics of, the eyelids and lacrimal system), paediatric ophthalmology (including genetic abnormalities including crossed eyes and lazy eyes), and diseases that affect the retina – a tissue that lines the inner surface of the eye.

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